Learning to make a strong scented candle is just easy and requires less materials needed but needs a lot of patience. But if you’re a beginner you can follow this easy step by step process on how to make scented candles for your project, for gifts or for your small business.
There are different types of wax that you can use for your scented candle, examples are Paraffin wax, Soy wax, Palm wax, Beeswax, Gel wax, Rapeseed wax, Coconut wax and etc.
- Soy Wax is a 100% natural wax derived from the vegetable soybeans. Soybean oil is extracted from the flakes and the leftover flakes are used for animal feed. It is made from environmentally friendly, renewable resources. This wax also burns slower than paraffin wax, meaning you get a candle that last longer. It also burns cleaner and results in less soot. Another reason to choose soy wax when it comes to candles is the fact that soy wax is an excellent fragrance carrier that does not require chemical amplifiers. The result is a well balanced true to scent candles
- Coconut Wax is a colorless and odorless wax made from cold-pressed coconut meat or coconut oil mixed with soy wax. It is considered as one of the best and healthiest type of wax to make candles because it doesn’t produce as much soot as the other types of wax. It is also commonly blended with other natural waxes to produce candles that have better burn quality and aromatic throw.
- Vegetable based wax is of plant origin secreted commonly in thin flakes by the walls of epidermal cells. It is obtained from certain palm trees.
For the containers, there are also a lot of option like glass and tin can but the most popular and ideal is the glass due to its non-flammable and non-porous properties. Using also a thicker glass is less likely to crack.
Wicks main purpose is to deliver fuel (wax) to the flame of the candles. Acting like a fuel pump, the wick draws the liquified wax up into the flame to burn. Wicks are chosen based on the wax and width of the container. Sample is the CD 18 braided cotton wick, interwoven with small paper threads. A correctly sized wick is important for creating a candle with a strong fragrance through and a clean even burn. For help finding the right wick size for other waxes and containers take a look at the candle below wick guide for recommendations
Oakmoss and Amber which has notes of sage, lavender, amber, and moss. Always use fragrance oils that have been developed specifically for use in candles to make sure you get the best scent performance from your candles
- WICK STICKERS
To safely secure the wicks to our containers we’re using wick stickers, in particular our wick stickers Pro. We love these because they are very simple to use and are super sticky.
- WICK BARS
Wick bars help keep the wick centered and straight as the wax cools. You can also use popsicles sticks, clothespin, or even pencils.
- WARNING LABEL
Last but certainly not least, a warning label that includes safety tips and burning instructions. Be sure to label your candles if you are giving them away or selling them.
Tools/ Equipment Needed
- WEIGHING SCALE
To help us measure our wax and fragrance accurately we’ll need a digital scale. Its necessary to measure your wax and fragrance by weight and not by volume to keep measurement consistent
- HEAT SOURCE
- HOT PLATE
You’ll need a heat source to melt your wax. Today we are using a hot plate with a medium saucepan filled about halfway with water to create a double boiler. The double boiler ensures we don’t scorch or burn the wax. A thermometer – any candy thermometer will do.
- STAINLESS PITCHER
A pouring pitcher is a candle making essential
Lets get started and make our own soy candles.
Step 1: DOUBLE BOILER
We’ll begin by filling our saucepan with water and placing it on the hot plate with medium high heat to create a double boiler.
Step 2: MELTING THE WAX
While the water heats up we’ll weigh our soy wax. Place the pouring pitcher on the digital scale and tear or zero out the scale which will subtract the weight of the pitcher. Weight out one pound of wax and place the pitcher in the double boiler. We’re going to allow our wax to reach 185 degrees before adding fragrance. We like to think of this temperature as the Goldilocks zone, it’s hot enough for a fragrance oil to fully bind and mix with the wax but not so hot that any fragrance might be lost to the heat.
Be mindful of the melting point. Safe temperature to properly melt the candle is 180 to 190-degree Fahrenheit. There’s a chart on the different melting point that we can use which is below.
Step 3: ADDING SCENT/S
To scent our wax, we’re going to weigh out one ounce of fragrance oil to give us a 6% fragrance load. We recommend starting out with 6% but you may find you want to adjust as you continue. Once the wax hits 185 we add the fragrance then remove then remove the pitcher from the heat. We’ll stir gently for about two minutes. This may seem like an easy step to skip, but mixing thoroughly is important for getting the best fragrance from your finished candle. We’re going to let our wax cool down to 135 before we pour.
One tip is you can also pair a soft scent to a strong scent which makes a strong scented candle as it may truly attract humans.
Step 4: PLACE THE WICK
While we wait, let’s get our containers ready. Remove a wick sticker and place the sticky side on the bottom of the wick tab. Remove the paper backing and secure the wick in the center of your tin using the ridges to guide you. We will repeat this for the other two tins.
Step 5: POUR THE WAX TO THE CONTAINER
Now that our wax has cooled to 135 degrees, it’s time to pour. Working slowly, we’ll pour from our pitcher into the tins we’ve just prepared, filling them up to the inside groove of the tin or about a quarter inch from the top.
Step 6: PUT A WICK BAR
Next, we’ll take our wick bar and center the wick in our tin by pushing the wick into the center groove. Again, you can also use a pencil, clothes pin, or popsicle stick to center the wick as your candles cool, space your candles about four inches apart in an area that’s out of the way and free from drafts. We know its hard to wait but allow them to cool undisturbed overnight. Ideal curing time is two weeks for a stronger scented candle.
You can also put two wicks in the same candle as you wish.
Step 7: CUTTING THE WICK AND PUTTING WARNING LABELS
When your candles are cooled, trim the wick down to about a quarter of an inch and top with a lid. As the last step be sure to add warning label to the bottom of your container.
Before burning we recommend allowing candles to cure at least four to five days, but ideally up to two weeks to get the best scent out of your candles.
Whether your making candles as a fun DIY projects, as gifts or starting your own handcrafter business, you can use different types of scents as you like. Following are the types that you can choose from.
Standard fragrance oils are synthetic and therefore are produced in a lab using aroma compounds. It is manmade and are available in a huge and complex selection of scents.
Essential oils are completely natural and are extracted from various parts of plants, including leaves, bark, and roots. They contain no additives at all and have distinctive, strong scents. Many essential oils are believed to have therapeutic effects, and when used in scented candles, they are an easy way for people to experience aromatherapy in their homes.
Natural fragrance oils are made by extracting one single scented component from a plant. These components are known as natural isolates or several natural isolates blended together.
As a summary, here are the 5 main tips on how to make a stronger candle
|5 TIPS ON HOW TO MAKE A STRONGER CANDLE|
|1||Be mindful of the melting point, it should between 180 to 190 degree Fahrenheit.|
|2||Pair soft scent to strong scents.|
|3||Stir for 2 minutes|
|4||Curing should be at least 2 weeks.|
|5||Add 2 wicks on the same candle.|