Health risks of hypertension: The things you must know


High blood pressure is a condition that most people are familiar with; it is literally when your blood exerts greater pressure on the walls of your arteries.

It may then seem as if a simple problem, one that you might not think is very complicated, but here’s where you are wrong; hypertension, if not treated in time, can be fatal. Moreover, when high blood pressure runs unchecked, it not only has an impact on your arteries, but your entire body.

Even though the management of the condition is relatively simpler when compared with diseases of equal gravity, it does not mean that you take it lightly.

If you are at risk of or are borderline hypertensive, you must visit the best internal medicine doctor in karachi for help.

It’s also vital that everyone knows the risks involved with hypertension, so they can take steps at remedying it.

Risks of hypertension


Aneurysm is a condition in which bulge forms in the arteries due to years of damage sustained on account of hypertension. The bulge can increase in size, and can even burst, leading to internal bleeding which can be fatal as well.


Angina is the chest pain that steps from when the blood supply to the heart is compromised. Since hypertension can lead to damage to the arteries and cause blockages, therefore, it leads to angina as well.

Cognitive problems

Hypertension also affects your brain. Hypertension affects two-thirds of persons over the age of 60, and it raises the risk of vascular cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease dramatically. It can lead to mild cognitive impairment, which is marked by memory and comprehension problems.


Not only does hypertension cause cognitive problems, but it also leads to dementia as well. Essentially, due to the compromised blood flow, on account of the weakened blood vessels or in some cases, blockage of blood flow due to blood clots, can lead to memory issues.

Enlarged left heart

Since heart has to work harder to pump the blood– hence the high pressure– therefore, hypertension also leads to the left side of the heart becoming enlarged. This then increases the risk of heart attack.

Heart failure

Heart failure is remarked by weakened heart muscles, that then are not able to execute their job. It leads to compromised blood flow and can also prove to be fatal as well.

Heart attack

Heart attack is when the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen and dies as a result. If a significant part of the heart muscles dies, the heart attack can also prove to be fatal as well.

Kidney problems

Kidneys can also be affected by hypertension. It may lead to glomerulosclerosis, which is when the smaller blood vessels of the kidneys become damaged and are unable to then do their job. Glomerulosclerosis can also lead to kidney failure, which may then require dialysis or transplant.


Stoke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is compromised. The resultant dearth of oxygen causes death of the brain cells. The consequences are contingent on the affected area, and the extent of damage. In worst cases, stroke can lead to the person becoming paralyzed, or even dying.

Sexual dysfunction

Blood supply to the genital plays an important role in sexual health, and when that is affected, so is sexual performance. In women, it may lead to arousal and pleasure issues, whereas men may then suffer from erectile dysfunction.

Vision problems

The blood vessels in the retina, the area at the back of the eye where pictures focus, can be damaged by hypertension. Hypertensive retinopathy is the medical term for this condition. Retinopathy, optic neuropath and choroidopathy can also result from hypertension.

Getting help

Perhaps the most dangerous thing for hypertension is that it is a silent killer. It is not until it becomes an emergency that often some people become aware of the condition.

If you are at risk of hypertension, you must invest in your health. Make lifestyle changes and take medication if your doctor recommends it.

You must rush to a hospital like that of Agha Khan Univeristy Hospital if you observe emergency symptoms of hypertension that include vision issues, chest pain, stroke, memory problems, disorientation etc.

By hassanjaved

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